Full Spectrum Terpenes
Since 2018, Point 3 Biotech has been researching and extracting full spectrum terpenes to create scientifically designed formulations. We provide customizable terpene concentrates and full spectrum formulations to our partners to assist them in creating premium products.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are organic compounds (hydrocarbons) found in various plants that contribute to their flavour and scent. More than 20,000 terpenes exist in nature, recognized by the FDA and Health Canada as safe, food-grade additives. As a source for terpenes, cannabis is unique because it contains so many—more than 200 scientists believe. This is one reason why every cannabis strain is unique, and depending on its terpene profile, a strain can smell like pine, berry, or lemon.
In addition to flavour and aroma, these potent compounds have a wide range of properties on their own. However, when terpenes are consumed with cannabis molecules, they work together to ‘amplify’ and direct the properties of cannabis, giving you better results. This is referred to as the “entourage effect.” It’s the reason terpenes have become such a critical piece of research.
Simply put, when terpenes work with cannabinoids, they form a synergy that creates a more significant effect than each would achieve on their own. This symbiosis between cannabinoids and terpenes improves the absorption of cannabinoids, overcomes bacterial defence mechanisms and minimizes side effects.
A common analogy is that:
“If THC (or CBD) is the engine, terpenes are the steering wheel and tires.”
The diversity and range of the bioactive compounds found in full spectrum terpenes do not exist in terpene ‘isolates’ produced from single botanical sources.
Terpenes and the Endocannabinoid System:
It’s now known that the human body also produces its natural cannabis-like molecules or endocannabinoids. Terpenes have been shown to have a significant impact on the endocannabinoid system, along with the endocrine system and the neuroendocrine system. All of these systems are responsible for maintaining homeostasis – the body’s ability to maintain a state of equilibrium.
Terpenes from Hemp and Hops plants
The hemp plant (Cannabis sativa L.) contains over 120 identified terpenes but under 0.3% Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, which the principal psychoactive constituent of Cannabis). Hops (Humulus Lupulus) is another member of the cannabis family that contains many of the same terpenes as Hemp but fewer in number.
Referring to Indica and Sativa strains is Outdated ideology:
Many cannabis users still rely on the labelling of “Indica,” “Sativa,” or “Hybrid” to try to target or influence the interaction of cannabis that they are trying to achieve. Research has shown this is an outdated ideology that is not backed by science. It’s the terpenes in cannabis that accentuate the specific response. The diversity and range of the bioactive compounds found in full spectrum terpenes do not exist in terpene ‘isolates’ produced from single botanical sources. Thus, an individual can get much better results with cannabis when taken with the right blend of full spectrum terpenes.